During the Independance war, the city suffered the known, “Sites of Zaragoza”. In 1808 the Aragon capital was fences two times by the French troops. His resistance converted it into a symbol of the anti-Napoleon resistance in all of Europe. This was based on the huge diffusion that had diverse engravings about the subject. The main ones are the Zaragoza Ruins, the Brambila and Gálvez, and the Disasters of the War, from Francisco of Goya. This last one masterly immortalized some of those events and their heros.
The hardness of the Sites, especially from the second, was extreme. Heroic personalities helped sustain the resistance until the 12 of February 1809. In respect to this several figures shine through, such as General Palafox, the popular leader Jorge Ibor and Casamayor (Uncle Jorge), or Agustina of Aragon. In total, almost two-thirds of the maña population during the successes. Another tragic consequence was the patrimonial loss of the “Spanish Florence”.
In 1908, a century after the first happening, in Zaragoza it was celebrated in a great Hispanic-French Exposition. The intention of closing the wounds from the terrible glory crimes commited. On March 5th 1837, the carlisle troops of General Cabañero attempted to take the Maña Capital. However, they were rejected by volunteers from the city. Annually the ephemeris acts of these are celebrated in the Celebration of the Cincomarzada.
With the arrival of the railway in the city in 1861 and the construction of the North Starion was zoned in Arrabal. This is characterized by the modern construction, ultimately recovered. After this, a new treaty to the city took place. The result was a great advance in its industrialization that brought about rural immigration.
In the beginning of the XX century, the chard crops and the sugar industry brought a prosperous industrial bourgeoisie. This would support the regeneration of the National League of Producers (1899) and the National Union of Joaquin Costa and Basilio Paraiso (1900). Farther ahead they suffered greatly during the Civil War. In it´s beginning in July of 1963, General Cabanellas picked up a local guarrison against the Government. They accomplished to maintain the city despite the ferocious atack of Anarchist Militias that tried to fence it. In that moment, the bombarded Pilar Basílica was the symbol of resistance for the defenders.
In 2008, date of the bicentury of the first site and the centennial of the Hispanic-French Exposition, Zaragoza returnes to be part of an International Exposition. With that, came upon a process that has made the capital of Ebro a reference on an economic, turistic, and industrial level.
Up next on our travel guide, the best places to visit in Zaragoza.